10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Deforestation

In basic definition, deforestation is “the process of destroying a forest and replacing it with something else”. Today, the term is used to refer to the destruction of forests by humans to use the lands for agricultural systems. To obtain a deep understanding of the effects of the method, it is best to know its advantages and disadvantages.

List of Advantages of Deforestation

1. It produces lumber and charcoal.
Through this method, people can extract natural resources, such as timber and charcoal, which can be used to benefit industries and businesses for commercial and economic growth.

2. It offers job opportunities.
As deforestation increases demand from the lumber, manufacture, transportation and construction industries, more people will be needed to get the job done, thus an increase in employment opportunities.

3. It removes diseased trees.
In some cases, trees are being removed simply because of being dead or diseased. Through deforestation, these trees will be replanted with new, healthier ones.

4. It provides residential land.
One common alternative use for cleared lands is residential development, which can contribute to the easing of house prices and more land to build on.

5. It allows for more agricultural land.
By clearing out a section of woodland, people will have sufficient land space for agricultural purposes, allowing for the growing of crops. This means that food output will be increased for the local area.

List of Disadvantages of Deforestation

1. It harms wildlife and destroys their habitat.
Naturally, trees serve as homes, food source and protection for animals and insects. They are a staple figure in an ecosystem, and without them, the whole region would fail, potentially leading to mass extinction of animals.

2. It leaves a scar on the environment.
Deforestation can change an area with beautiful healthy green trees to a dirt wasteland. It process can also bring about an aspect of noise pollution that is not too pleasurable either.

3. It contributes to the problem of climate change.
This is possible in a sense that deforestation leads to a greenhouse effect. As you can see, it contributes to the inability to reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. As we all know, plants use this gas for their process to stay alive.

4. It causes soil erosion.
According to the Science American Heritage Science Dictionary, trees prevent the process of desertification. Deforestation can transform land that is once suitable for agriculture into a desert.

5. It affects the water cycle.
Trees and plants are essential to the water cycle process, so if they are removed, there will be nothing that will release water through evaporation back into the atmosphere, which can result in a drier climate.

In general, deforestation is often argued as a rather negative process, where its short-term economic benefits seem to fail in weighing down the long-term positives that are keeping the trees to exist. Aside from this, critics say that many of the economic advantages presented by the method are unsustainable, with alternative sustainable economic incomes existing to conserve trees and wildlife. Based on the advantages and disadvantages listed above, what would be your stand regarding deforestation?