8 Biggest Pros and Cons of Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a pivotal point in the history of the entire world. It began in the early 1700’s in England and quickly spread across all of Europe. There where new inventions, ways of producing goods, and techniques in trade and agriculture that changed the world. It caused major migrations from rural areas to big cities, due to all of the new oppurtunities that emerged in those areas. The way that people lived and the way businesses run where forever changed during this period of time. Just like a coin, there are two sides to everything. Let’s take a good look at all of the advantages and disadvantages that the Industrial Revolutions brought to the world.

The Pros of The Industrial Revolution

1. More Efficient Production
Inventions like the steam engine helped to streamline production of many goods. This reduced the time and labor that was involved in creating the things that people needed everyday.

2. Cheaper Prices
Along with making production processes more efficient, the Industrial Revolution also resulted in dramatically lower prices for goods. This was due to the shortened amount of time needed to produce goods, as well as the costs saved for labor.

3. Major Increase In Job Opportunities
Factories began to pop up everywhere during this time, which needed employees to run and manage them. This created tremendous job growth and also provided the opportunity for new products and inventions to be designed and produced.

4. Spectacular Motivation, Changing The World
With all of the new and innovative things that began to emerge out of this time period, people became more motivated and educated than over. This spurred a large amount of useful inventions that are still widely used and pertinent in today’s modern world. Some of this include the light bulb, the telephone, and X-rays.

5. Improved Quality of Life
All of the modern inventions and the amount of wealth that was brought into the cities greatly improved the way that people lived. Health care, education, appearance, and nutrition all began to get much more attention than previously.

The Cons of The Industrial Revolution

1. A Loss Of Farming
There was much more money to be made in the cities than in the rural farming areas. This caused many people to abandon their farms and move to the industrial centers. This made the amount of farmed foods scarce for a long period of time.

2. The Beginning of Pollution
Before all of the factories came about during the revolution, there was no major sources of pollution to the water and air in the world. The pollution never stopped after this time and continues to contaminate our air, land, and water.

3. Working Conditions In Factories
Factories quickly became all about profit. The working conditions for the large amount of people working these factories where extremely poor. They where forced to work extremely long hours with few breaks and little pay in order to maximize profits. This resulted in stress related illnesses, the spread of disease, and death through out the factories.

Important Facts About The Industrial Revolution

  • The Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
  • One of the biggest inventions of this time was the assembly line.
  • Many of the earth’s natural resources where being used at a very high rate during this time in history.
  • The Luddites where groups of people that where opposed to the technological changes during the Industrial Revolution.
  • Some third world countries in places like Africa, have yet to experience an Industrial Revolution.
  • The economic system, Capitalism, was created during this time.
  • The steam engine, light bulb, telegraph, X- ray, telephone, calculator, and anesthesia where all invented during the Industrial Revolution.