6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Chemical Energy

Chemical energy is the force that provides power for everything in the world. It is responsible for everything that’s happening with the human body to vehicles running on the road. Basically, chemical energy is stored within chemical bonds and is released through exothermic reactions. There are several energy sources used to create a chemical reaction including coal, oil, wood and other combustible materials.

The use of chemical energy has brought up discussions of its advantages and disadvantages. Some argue that its pros and cons depend on how the energy is stored and released during chemical reaction. Here’s a closer look at both sides of the argument:

List of Advantages of Chemical Energy

1. It is abundant energy source.
Sources for chemical energy are readily available all over the world. For instance, crude oil is extracted from sedimentary layers of the earth’s crust. We humans depend a lot an crude oil and the economies of the world are affected by crude oil price fluctuations. Other examples of chemical energy sources are coal, wood and organic materials.

2. It is easily combustible.
Chemical energy can provide instant energy in the form of heat. In order to do this, only an igniting source and air with enough oxygen content is needed. The efficiency of combustion with chemical energy sources is really high and it’s one of the reasons it’s highly preferred over other power sources.

Then again the combustion efficiency is really dependent on the amount of oxygen available. In other words, if a system is well designed, efficient combustion can be very much achieved.

3. It creates high octane fuels in order to provide more than enough power.
There is so much power contained in high octane fuels derived when refining crude oil. Because of this, cars and other vehicles are able to achieve high speeds. The kind of power released by chemical energy is immense and as such, it is one of the reasons why it’s a popular fuel source.

List of Disadvantages of Chemical Energy

1. It has adverse effects on the environment.
Crude oil can be used to create a chemical reaction but the bad thing about using it is that when burned, it emits carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. We all know that carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere contributes to global warming.

2. It is harmful to human health.
Byproducts of chemical reactions are harmful to human health. The pollution the byproducts create isn’t friendly for the environment. Because of this, scientists are looking at renewable energy sources that are more efficient and less harmful for both humans and the environment. Right now, we have alternatives such as solar energy and wind energy.

3. It is non-renewable.
A lot of the sources of chemical energy cannot be replenished. Let’s use nuclear energy as an example. We know that some plants use uranium which is not a heavily available resource. Put simply, countries rely on others to supply them with this kind of fuel. Now, when uranium is mined, the plants are no longer useful.