Ruled by a single individual, such as a king or queen, monarchy is a form of government that involves a hereditary chain of command, which means that only a descendant or relative of the ruler can take over power when the ruler dies. While this singularity of power has provided people living in a country under such a political system with a symbolic and focused opportunity to establish group identity and loyalty, there are also drawbacks that come with it. To get an in-depth idea about monarchy, it is best to take a look at its advantages and disadvantages.
List of Advantages of Monarchy
1. It can eventually create a solid government.
The singularity of power in this form of government would provide people with an area to attain group identity and loyalty. Also, because there is only one person who is making the decisions, they will be made quickly with fewer arguments regarding the new laws, regulations and policies to be imposed.
2. It can make more savings for the government without the elections.
Monarchy has the capability of reducing huge amounts of expenses by the country from elections, as it does not need such a thing. You see, the existing monarch will just be the one who will choose his/her successor.
3. It discourages acts corruption.
Most countries that are implementing monarchy experience less corruption. As monarchs know that they are not ruling for a term, they are mostly not interested in having great wealth for themselves. Basically, they are not known to intend to abuse authority for corrupt practices.
4. It encourages suitability for leadership.
A potential successor to the throne is taught the proper ways to rule as early in his/her life as possible, unlike traditional politicians who only learn about leading a nation in their adult years. Also, monarchs would not share the blame once they make a bad decision, like traditional politicians do.
List of Disadvantages of Monarchy
1. It might have a ruler who is not serious as needed.
An individual who knows that he/she will rule a nation for the rest of his/her might have the tendency not to seriously take the responsibility to serve for the betterment of the citizens. Being aware that he/she does not answer to anyone, it can lead to disruption in the economy.
2. It can lead to poor governance.
As monarchy requires a single ruler to govern as long as he/she lives, the public do not have the power to dethrone him/her even if he/she is not functioning accordingly.
3. It invests much power to a single person.
Monarchy recognizes its head as supreme executor, judicator and legislator, and while a monarch is assisted by personal advisors, he/she will still have the final say, with no one allowed to break his/her decisions.
4. It can promote inequality of wealth.
A monarch, his ministers and the rest of the ruling class often amass wealth, while the plight of the common people would remain the same. You see, the public in this type of government would not get higher positions or enjoy the special rights provided to the ruling class.
While many people would agree that monarchy is an ideal type of government, we cannot deny the fact that there are also things this system carries that many people also dislike. We can also form a well-informed opinion about it based on the advantages and disadvantages listed above.
Crystal Lombardo has been a staff writer for Future of Working for five years. She is a proud veteran and mother. If you have any questions about the content of this blog post, then please send our editor-in-chief a message here.